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How to Apply for SSN as an International Student: This text explains the way to apply for social security number for global college students. SSN is the worker identity number also called the social security number, that is nine digits in a number. It is issued through US Social security Administration (SSA). To get this number is depending on a person’s eligibility to work in the United States.

To be eligible for this (SSN) you ought to be a US citizen, have a everlasting resident, and be a qualified overseas national that includes, a scholar in F-1 or J-1 scholar fame and certain circumstances.

Application for social security number differs, in case you are an F-1 or J-1 scholar and you wish to get a social security number, it additionally relies upon your immigration status.

SSN is used to document a worker’s income or a scholar’s taxable scholarship benefits. It is likewise used for a lot of purposes.

In order to get a social security number (SSN) as an International scholar, you’ll need a job. But that might not be a problem, operating part-time on campus make you eligible.

Once you get job, you’ll need to bring together your document to affirm your identity, immigration status, and work eligibility to the SSA for your SSN card to be obtained.

This article will provide an explanation in detail the facts you need to collect this SSN as an International scholar. What are the necessities to get SSN, how can International college students apply SSN?

The Requirements to Obtain SSN

Prove of identity

A valid passport is certainly a must document when you apply for an SSN as a foreigner.

In addition, in some circumstances, you may need to provide the following documents:

  • Permanent Resident Card; or
  • Employment Authorization Document a work permit) from the Department of Homeland Security; or
  • Arrival/Departure Record

Prove your immigration status.

  • An F-1 or M-1 student must bring their I-20.
  • A J-1 or J-2 exchange visitor must bring their DS-2020.
  • They will also need one of the following documents to prove their immigration status:
  • Lawful Permanent Resident Card or Machine Readable Immigrant Visa; or
  • Employment Authorization Document; or
  • Arrival/Departure Record

Prove your work eligibility

As a foreign worker, you will need your valid foreign passport with one of the following documents:

  • Arrival/Departure Record; or
  • Employment Authorization Document or work permit

An F-1 student who is eligible to work on campus must have:

  • Unexpired I-20 Certificate of Eligibility for Nonimmigrant Student Status; and
  • Employment evidence such as a letter including:
  1. Your job title
  2. Your employment start date
  3. The number of hours you are or will be, working; and
  4. Your supervisor’s name and telephone number.

How can International students apply for SSN?

To apply for an SSN, you are to apply in person at a Social Security Administration office.

The original documents prove your identity, immigration status, and work eligibility.

The SSN Application Procedure for f-1 Students

Acquire evidence of employment and valid F-1 employment authorization. Before applying for an SSN, you must acquire first valid employment authorization.

Authorization may be established on one of the following. Make sure that you complete the eligibility requirements for F-1 student employment.

On-Campus Employment: 

  • Acquire a letter from a TC or Columbia department confirming that you have been given an on-campus job. The employment letter must be printed on department letterhead, signed in the original by your hiring department, and include the following information:
    • The job title (e.g., research assistant, library assistant, proofreader, etc.)
    • The estimated or actual start date
    • Estimated or actual number of hours per week you are expected to work
    • Your supervisor’s title and phone number

Curricular Practical Training

  • Acquire an updated Form I-20 from TC showing that you are authorized to engage in F-1 Curricular Practical Training (employment-based in an academic internship/fieldwork/practicum)

Optional Practical Training or other off-campus employment: 

  • Acquire a valid, unexpired Employment Authorization (EAD) card from the US Citizenship and Immigration Services authorizing you to work under F-1 optional practical training, international organization employment, or severe economic hardship employment.

Submit a request to the OIS for an SSN letter. 

  • If you request Social Security Number established on on-campus employment, you must offer your TC or CU department letter to the OISS. The OISS will issue a second letter to ensure that you have secured on-campus employment and you are a full-time student in good standing.
  • An OISS letter is not necessary if your employment is on curricular practical training, optional practical training, international organization employment, or severe economic hardship employment.

Social Security forms are available at SSA offices. No fee is required. Some documents are you will submit include; required.

  • Form I-20
  • Valid, unexpired passport
  • I-94 card or electronic I-94
  • An employment letter from your on-campus employer and the OIS. If you are working on-campus.
  • If you are employed in CPT: your I-20 must have an authorization for CPT printed on page 3 of the form
  • Employed in OPT: you must bring your unexpired Employment Authorization (EAD) card.

As an f-1 j-1 student, what are SSA Eligibility Requirements for SSN

  1. Valid immigration documents, including a valid passport, valid I-20 or DS-2020, and an I-94 card or electronic I-94 notated “F-1 D/S” or “J-1 D/S.”
  2. Full-time registration at Teachers College
  3. F-1 students must provide evidence of lawful F-1 employment like an on-campus job or authorization for curricular practical training (CPT) or optional practical training (OPT). An F-1 status who does not have lawful F-1 employment is ineligible to apply for an SSN. This comprises applications for replacement SSN cards.
  4. J-1 students will show evidence of employment and it must be invalid J-1 status and be registered for a full course of study. (J-1 students under the sponsorship of an external organization such as IIE, LASPAU, or AMIDEAST should acquire a Social Security letter from their sponsor).

How long does it take to get an SSN for an international student

After verifying and approving your application by the SSA, your social security number card which contains a 9-digit number will be mailed to the address on file within 2 – 4 weeks.

If you receive the social security card, you have to observe an annotation on the card stating “Valid for Work Only with DHS Authorization

Does International Student SSN expire?

The annotation “Valid for Work Only with DHS Authorization” could be removed from the SSN card once an international student changes to permanent resident status.

Benefit of SSN for International Students

  1. Receive income and pay taxes on a job
  2. File a tax return during tax season
  3. Receive government benefits, when meeting some criteria
  4. Apply for a driver’s or a state ID in some states
  5. Open financial accounts, such as credit card accounts, and online banking accounts
  6. Apply for loans like student loans, or car loans
  7. Perform a background check when renting an apartment

Do I have to wait for my SSN before starting work

To answer, no. You can start work while your application is processed since you have authorization for on-campus work, CPT, or OPT, but your employer must guarantee that they follow the correct procedures when doing so.

SSN Application Procedure for j-1 Students.

1) Request SSN letter. 

  1. A J-1 student who is under TC’s J-1 exchange visitors program sponsorship can request for Social Security Number based on on-campus employment, TC, CU, or other affiliate department letter must be submitted to the OISS. The OISS will issue a second letter that will confirm that you have secured on-campus employment and you are a full-time student in good standing.
  • You will have evidence of authorized on-campus or authorized off-campus employment, to apply for an SSN also required to apply for an SSN if you have valid J-1 employment, including on-campus employment, unforeseen economic hardship employment, or J-1 Academic Training
  • If you are sponsored by an external organization such as IIE, LASPAU, or AMIDEAST, you must obtain a Social Security authorization letter from your sponsor in addition to the OIS’s letter.

Social Security application forms are available at all Social Security offices. No fee is required. Only your:

  • Form DS-2019
  • Valid, unexpired passport
  • I-94 card or electronic I-94
  • Letter from the OIS (and your external J-1 sponsor, if applicable).

To Conclude

When your application is submitted, it will be reviewed by the SSA examiners. Immediately, if verified and approved, you may expect to receive your SSN within 2-4 weeks as the processing time vary.

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